Charles County Archaeological Society of Maryland, Inc
Puritan settlers chose to settle in this area over others they considered like Salem and Charlestown because of its access to fresh water, acquiring the land from English settler William Blackstone. Since then, water has played a crucial role in shaping the region and state. Towns were created and destroyed for water. People lived and died for and often as a result of it. Complex systems were invented, discarded, or improved to get clean water to as many citizens as far as possible. Click through the gallery for a brief look at the history and evolution of water in the Greater Boston area. The Pilgrims made the trip to the new world and settled in New England, but they had no way to foresee what kind of resources they would have upon arrival. In the s, water was hand carried in a bucket from the wells and springs people could find or make themselves for primarily washing purposes. William Blackstone persuaded pilgrims settled in Charlestown—of which there were no wells and springs—to move to the Shawmut Peninsula now Boston where people could get quality water from a spring that bubbled out of the ground.
State of Delaware
Bermuda laws Britons who are not Bermudians coming to Bermuda as visitors must bring valid passports and other relevant travel documents and comply with the same laws as other non-citizens. When a year old Canadian teenager visited Bermuda on vacation in , she was repeatedly raped, sodomized, tortured and murdered. In , the UK abolished the law against double jeopardy, as a result of which murderers have at last been brought to full justice.
But there has been no such improvement in Bermuda laws.
Проекты. — Интернет провайдер специализирующийся на корпоративных решениях и.
Also known as Latin American Colonial, most of these artifacts date to the period just after the Spanish occupation of Central and South America. This gallery will be regularly updated so check back often. Please ask if you would like additional photos or more in-depth descriptions Enjoy your treasure hunt All items being offered on this website have appropriate provenance and are legal to buy and own under the United States statute covering cultural patrimony Code , Chapter Every purchase comes with a written certificate of authenticity COA and are fully guaranteed to be as described.
Provenance and accurate, detailed condition information is included with each listing. To Purchase or Ask a Question: Contact me via email at: Payment options are check, money-order or PayPal. Credit Cards can be processed through PayPal. Discount may apply on the purchase of multiple items. Shipping costs not included in purchase price. Tracking info will be provided. International sales outside of the United States require payment via PayPal.
~ Sunrise Trading Post
District heating District heating or teleheating systems consist of a network of insulated feed and return pipes which transport heated water, pressurized hot water , or sometimes steam to the customer. While steam is hottest and may be used in industrial processes due to its higher temperature, it is less efficient to produce and transport due to greater heat losses.
Heat transfer oils are generally not used for economic and ecological reasons. Within the system, heat storage may be installed to even out peak load demands.
Photos: Although Tewodros turned the gun on himself in order to avoid being captured alive, the British soldiers took his young son, Prince Alemayehu Tewodros (who died .
Decorative Window-panes of the s. Excavation of a glasshouse that manufactured window glass from about to Colonial Period to the Present. Ball and Philip J. Archaeological Survey, University of Louisville, Kentucky. Humanities Foundation of West Virginia, Charleston. Bastow, Harry American Glass Practice. Use of SEM in dating window glass. Glass and Pottery Publishing Company, Pittsburgh. Journal of Glass Studies 8: Glass Industry 39 9: Preservation Leaflet Series Association for the Preservation of Technology Bulletin 8 3:
A Proper Picture of the Colonial Pipeline’s Past
An Ancient Metal Humans Meet Metal Between seven and ten thousand years ago, our early ancestors discovered that copper is malleable, holds a sharp edge, and could be fashioned into tools, ornaments, and weapons more easily than stone, a discovery that would change humanity forever. This meeting of humans and metals would be the first step out of the Stone Age and into the ages of metals: Thus began the increased movement of elements and minerals out of their parent geological formations and into the air, soil, water, and living organisms by way of smelters, furnaces and mine tailings.
The first several thousand years of copper production contributed little to global or even local pollution. Copper is not very toxic in comparison to other metals and early humans used too little of it to begin concentrating it in soil, air, or water to the extent that it would affect human health or ecosystems. It appears that during the first few thousand years of its use, humans experiment with and learned techniques to utilize copper.
34 6 songs (Dhurga), c, South coast NSW, Mathews 35 3 songs (Dhurga), c, South coast NSW, Mathews This web page represents the first stage of a long-term project to create an open access web log of all surviving colonial era documentation of Australian Indigenous song and.
Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.
This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore. Louis Binford later devised a mathematical formula to refine Harrington’s method Deetz This dating technique only applies to pipe stems manufactured in England between approximately and Historical archeologists do not rely on pipe stem fragments as the only source for determining a site’s history.
They also consider historical documents and other material culture recovered from the site—such as ceramics, glass, metal artifacts, faunal and botanical samples, and features—to determine its occupation and use. Parts of clay smoking pipes. Heather Hembrey, University of Maryland Try it yourself Pipe stem dating You have recovered sixty-three pipe stem fragments from Verysignificantsite.
The vessel was part of the last tobacco fleet to sail before American exports stopped during the Revolutionary War. Tobacco was so valuable that Great Britain organized convoys to protect its tobacco ships from Dutch, Spanish, and French raiders. With convoy protection, tobacco ships did not need to sail fast, so shipbuilders gave them bigger holds and greater cargo capacity. Cane plantations soon spread throughout the Caribbean and South America and made immense profits for planters and merchants.
At the heart of the plantation system was the labor of millions of enslaved workers, transplanted across the Atlantic like the sugar they produced.
Douz. Tourism was slow coming to this southern city but on the edge of the Sahara and a base for centuries to the nomadic Mrazig tribe many now come here to experience the Bedoin cultures of the Sahara which are generally hard to pin down and which have few examples of their history in terms of food and architecture.
Bamboo pipes are used to lead water into shallow pits Great Nicobar Island Traditional water harvesting — from Kashmir to Kanyakumari Throughout India, several ingenious ways have been devised to catch and store rainwater for future use. They are known as traditional water harvesting systems. It is the traditional water harvesting systems that have made life possible even in the Thar Desert. The technology and engineering of the traditional water harvesting systems differed, depending on whether they were to provide drinking water or to be used for irrigation.
Those meant for drinking water were generally smaller, sometimes covered and with steps leading down to the water. Irrigation systems on the other hand spread over large open areas and had a complicated network of pipes and channels for collecting and distributing water. Trans Himalayan Region Water from melting snow and ice is the only source of water here.
Even the Thar desert gets more rainfall.
History Crash Course In addition, because of Arab revolts and pressure, the British even barred entry to the land of Israel to Jews fleeing the Holocaust. Even when the full scope of the Holocaust was known, and thousands of Holocaust survivors were stranded in refugee camps DP camps , the British refused to relent.
Blue Heron Realty Company is a local, family-owned real estate firm specializing in historic real estate and water access land and homes located on Virginia’s scenic Eastern Shore.
Though enslaved, he trained in France to become one of colonial America’s most accomplished chefs. Now, archaeologists have uncovered the kitchen where Hemings created his elaborate banquets, LiveScience reports. Researchers at Monticello are conducting a long-term effort, the Mountaintop Project, to restore plantation premises, including slave quarters, to their original appearance. Archaeologists excavated a previously filled-in cellar in the main house’s South Pavilion, where they found artifacts like bones, toothbrushes, beads, and shards of glass and ceramics.
Underneath layers of dirt, experts also uncovered the kitchen’s original brick floor, remnants of a fireplace, and the foundations of four waist-high stew stoves. Each contained a small hole for hot coals; centuries later, the cellar floor still contains remains of ash and charcoal from blazing fires. Hemings himself would have toiled over these stoves. During the colonial period, wealthy families had their slaves prepare large, labor-intensive meals.
These multi-course feasts required stew stoves for boiling, roasting, and frying. Archaeologists think that Jefferson might have upgraded his kitchen after returning from Paris: Stew stoves were a rarity in North America, but de rigueur for making haute French cuisine. There, Hemings realized he was technically a free man.
He met free black people and also learned he could sue for his freedom under French law, according to NPR.
A history of demolition at U.S. Pipe mansion site
Necessary and Sufficient by Michael Olmert One of a pair of octagonal brick privies Thomas Jefferson built at Poplar Forest, his retreat about 90 miles south of Monticello. If something is faintly not nice, humans retreat into a fog of euphemism that merely hints at meaning, as if the words themselves were at fault. Consider the privy, which in the eighteenth century was called the necessary house or, more simply, the necessary. This little structure—of brick or wood, painted or unpainted, of vernacular or high-style design—was also known as a bog, boghouse, boggard, or bog-shop; a temple, a convenience, or temple of convenience; a little house, house of office, or close stool; a privy or a garde-robe, terms that descend from the Middle Ages.
+ web files about Bermuda, regularly updated as a Gazetteer, focusing on this internally self-governing British Overseas Territory miles north of the .
Northeast and Great Lakes collections are very large and include New England splint basketry, Ojibwa birchbark and beadwork items, Huron moosehair embroidery, and significant late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Iroquois material, including Niagara Falls beaded whimsies. Southeastern collections include Seminole material dating from the early nineteenth century onward including items owned by Osceola, Choctaw, and Creek ball game material, and excellent basketry collections.
Beyond ceremonial materials and objects of everyday life, staff anthropologist Mark Raymond Harrington also commissioned Absentee Shawnee artist Ernest Spybuck to complete a series of paintings depicting daily scenes and traditional life after The Plains collection is large, important, and includes significant early examples. Every Plains group is well represented and discrete tribal collections are often comprehensive, including Blackfeet, Crow, Lakota, Kiowa, Comanche, Plains Ojibwa, and Plains Cree, with particular strengths in decorated garments and accessories, painted hides, pipes, shields, horse gear, and ledger book drawings.
Collections from Prairie tribes, including the Sac and Fox, Osage, and Oto, are especially strong in woven bags, ceremonial items, clothing, and accessories.
Esther Read is the archaeologist in charge. Open to the general public. No experience is required. For the artifact of the day we choose this single spiral wine glass stem.
Pie crust In its most basic definition, pie crust is a simple mix of flour and water. The addition of fat makes it pastry. In all times and places, the grade of the ingredients .
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia , located on the northwest of the island of Java. Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole. Although the city is known for its heavy traffic and high level of pollution it is filled with an exciting nightlife and vibrant shopping areas. The city is also the centre and melting pot of Indonesian culture which might be the thing for you to enjoy Jakarta.
One excellent surprise you’ll find in Jakarta is that once you past the taxi drivers who offer their services at the airport and really meet the locals, you will find that the people are among the most friendly, hospitable, and helpful people you’ll find on earth, if you keep away from the mini-bus drivers who are notorious for being the harshest on earth.
However, understand that Jakarta being a melting pot, you are guaranteed to meet people of all sorts here. Districts[ edit ] Jakarta is administratively divided into the following named districts note that these district except central Jakarta are very dense in terms of area: Central Jakarta Jakarta Pusat – The Heart of Jakarta’s Administrative, Government and financial, an aptly named district and the site of Jakarta’s symbol, the metre Monas Monumen Nasional which is located in world’s largest city square “Lapangan Merdeka”.
Surrounding the area lies the presidential palace, government building, Istiqal Mosque the largest Mosque in Southeast Asia , Jakarta’s gothic cathedral and also the National Museum of Indonesia. There are also various museums within this part of the city such as National Gallery of Indonesia or Jakarta Planetarium. The area is also home to Jakarta’s major landmark Bundaran HI or the Hotel Indonesia traffic circle, which is where Jakarta’s topmost exclusive malls are located.
One small road in the area called Jalan Jaksa or Jaksa road, a backpacker street, houses numbers of budget hotels and restaurants for travelers.
Chadbourne Site Artifacts
Etymology[ edit ] There are several legends explaining how Bellary got its name. The first is that a few devout travelling merchants halting in Bellary, could not find a Shiva Linga for their worship. They then installed a balla a measuring cup or seru used to measure grain upside down as a Shiva Linga and worshiped it.
Heroes and Villains – A little light reading. Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many.
This contained the retorts in which coal was heated to generate the gas. The crude gas was siphoned off and passed on to the condenser. The waste product left in the retort was coke. In many cases the coke was then burned to heat the retorts or sold as smokeless fuel. Condenser[ edit ] This consisted of a bank of air-cooled gas pipes over a water-filled sump.
Its purpose was to remove tar from the gas by condensing it out as the gas was cooled. Occasionally the condenser pipes were contained in a water tank similar to a boiler but operated in the same manner as the air-cooled variant. Exhauster[ edit ] An impeller or pump was used to increase the gas pressure before scrubbing. Exhausters were optional components and could be placed anywhere along the purifying process but were most often placed after the condensers and immediately before the gas entered the gas holders.
Scrubber[ edit ] A sealed tank containing water through which the gas was bubbled. This removed ammonia and ammonium compounds. The water often contained dissolved lime to aid the removal of ammonia. The water left behind was known as ammonical liquor. Other versions used consisted of a tower, packed with coke, down which water was trickled.